Quickly See if Ad Hoc Optimization Benefits Your Workloads
A single setting frequently left disabled can make a huge performance impact and free up resources. The setting is a system-wide setting that allows Microsoft SQL Server to optimize it’s processes for “Ad Hoc” workloads. Most SQL Servers I come across that rely heavily upon ETL (Extract – Transform – Load) workloads for their day-to-day would benefit from enabling “Optmize for AdHod Workloads” but often don’t have the setting enabled.
If you perform a lot of ETL workloads and want to know if enabling this option will benefit you, I’ll make it simple. First we need to determine the percentage of your cache plan that runs Ad Hoc. To do so just run the following T-SQL script in SQL Server Management Studio:
SELECT AdHoc_Plan_MB, Total_Cache_MB,
AdHoc_Plan_MB*100.0 / Total_Cache_MB AS ‘AdHoc %’
WHEN objtype = ‘adhoc’
ELSE 0 END) / 1048576.0 AdHoc_Plan_MB,
SUM(size_in_bytes) / 1048576.0 Total_Cache_MB
FROM sys.dm_exec_cached_plans) T
After running this, you’ll see a column labelled “AdHoc %” with a value. As a general rule of thumb, I prefer to enable optmizing for Ad Hoc workloads when these values are between 20-30%. These numbers will change depending on the last time the server was reset so it’s best to check after the server has been running for at least a week or so. Changes only go into affect for new cached plans created. For the impatient, a quicker way to see the results of the change require restarting SQL Services to clear the plan cache.
Under extremely rare circumstanes this could actually hinder performance. If that’s the case just disable Ad Hoc and continue on as you were before. As always, feel free to ask me directly so I can help. There isn’t any harm in testing if this benefits your environment or not. To enable optmiziation, right click the SQL Instance from SQL Server Management Studio’s Object Explorer à Properties à Advanced à Change “Optmize for Ad Hoc Workloads” to “True” à Click “Apply”. From there run the query “RECONFIGURE” to put the change into action.
Any questions, comments, or feedback are appreciated! Leave a comment or send me an email to firstname.lastname@example.org for any SQL Server questions you might have!